Lot 362

Previous image preload Next image preload


R. Wallenberg Signed Schutz-Pass Doc, With Rare Full Signature

A 1p document in Hungarian, functioning as a Schutz-Pass or protective passport, issued by the Royal Swedish Legation in Budapest, Hungary on September 22, 1944. The document is boldly signed by Secretary of the Royal Swedish Legation Raoul Wallenberg (1912-1945) in a rare full signature at lower right. The paperwork is party printed, partly typed. Bearing one "Königl. Schwedische Gesandtschaft in Budapest" [Royal Swedish Legation in Budapest] hand stamp located to the left of Wallenberg's signature. Expected wear including light even toning and flatted transmittal folds. A barely noticeable closed tear corresponding to the central horizontal fold, and not affecting any text or the signature, has been expertly mended verso. Two partly rusted paperclip impressions along the top margin, and scattered isolated wrinkled edges, else near fine. 8.125" x 5.75."

A nearly identical document signed by Raoul Wallenberg sold at our November 11, 2020 sale for $7,500 including the buyer's premium.

This document was issued to Miss Zsuzsanna Steiner (her full name in Hungarian was recorded as "Steiner Zsuzsanna urnő" with "úrnő" signifying "miss" or an unmarried status.)

The document is partly translated as:

"To the National Central Authority Supervising Foreigners, Budapest.

We are pleased to inform you that the Royal Swedish Legation in Budapest has issued a protective passport to

Steiner Zsuzsanna urnő

according to which the above-named person must be considered a Swedish citizen. The Legation kindly requests that the above-named individual be exempt from wearing the distinguishing symbol. The Legation certifies that the reciprocity mentioned in the relevant regulation exists with Sweden.

Budapest, 1944. Sept. 22."

We have found no fewer than four candidates for Zsuzsanna Steiner in the Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database curated by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Three of these four candidates were indeed young, ranging in age from between 3 to 23 years old, while the fourth viable candidate does not have a listed birth date. 15-year-old Zsuzsanna Steiner, born in 1929, might be an especially interesting candidate, as she is listed as being a deported person brought to Sweden in accordance with United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration procedures. This piece deserves hours of additional dedicated research!

Raoul Wallenberg had been appointed Secretary of the Royal Swedish Legation in July 1944 at the request of various Jewish organizations. The "Swedish Schindler" was tasked with saving--through ingenious and diplomatic means alike--as many Hungarian Jews as he could from certain death. Wallenberg did so by allocating 32 buildings in Budapest as extraterritorial, thus allowing them to serve as Jewish safe houses; and by distributing as many Swedish passports to members of the Budapest Jewry as possible. The Schutz-Pass, or "Wallenberg Passports" as they became known, offered invaluable protection to Jews by extending Swedish citizenship rights to them. The sovereignty of Sweden, then a neutral nation, as well as that of its citizens, both native-born and honorary, went unchallenged. Estimates vary as to how many Hungarian Jews Wallenberg and his team saved, but it is conservatively in the tens of thousands. Wallenberg was joined in his efforts by Carl Ivan Danielsson, who served as Swedish Ambassador in Budapest from 1944-1945.

The Wallenberg- and Danielsson-issued certificates were truly life-saving. The Nazis had occupied Hungary from March 1944, escalating their deportation of Hungarian Jews throughout that spring. At its peak, the Nazis were deporting approximately 12,000 Hungarian Jews each day to Auschwitz and other concentration and death camps. Nearly 500,000 Hungarian Jews had already been deported by the time Wallenberg's appointment began, with an estimated 220,000 Hungarian Jews left behind and in immediate danger.

Raoul Wallenberg chose to remain in Budapest when hundreds fled in advance of the encroaching Soviet Army, in order to safeguard the remaining Jews in the city. He was charged with espionage and disappeared after going to Soviet headquarters at Debrecen in mid-January 1945. Reports indicate that he died at Lubyanka Prison on July 17, 1947.

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


Accepted Forms of Payment:

American Express, Discover, MasterCard, Money Order / Cashiers Check, Paypal, Personal Check, Visa, Wire Transfer


Unless otherwise indicated, we do our own in-house worldwide shipping!

Applicable shipping and handling charges will be added to the invoice. We offer several shipping options, and remain one of the few auction houses who proudly provides professional in-house shipping as an option to our clients. All items will ship with signature required, and full insurance. Most items are sent via Federal Express, with P. O. Box addresses being sent through USPS. We insure through Berkley Asset Protection with rates of $.70 per $100 of value, among the lowest insurance rates in the industry. Our shipping department cameras document every package, both outgoing and incoming, for maximum security. In addition, we compare our shipping and handling rates against those of other auction houses, to ensure that our charges are among the lowest in the trade.

Upon winning your item(s), you will receive an invoice with our in-house shipping and handling fees included. ***We will ship to the address as it appears on your invoice. If any changes to the shipping address need to be made, you must inform us immediately.***

International shipments: In order to comply with our insurance provider, all international shipments will be sent via Fed Ex and customs paperwork will show a value of $1.00. International buyers should contact our office directly with any questions regarding this policy.

Third Party Shipping Option: If a third party shipper is preferred, the buyer is responsible for contacting them directly to make shipping arrangements. For your convenience, we have provided some recommended shippers. For your protection, we will require a signed release from you, confirming your authorization for us to release your lots to your specified third party Please copy and paste this following link into your browser: http://universityarchives.com/UserFiles/ShippingInfo.pdf. At that point, our responsibility and insurance coverage for your item(s) ceases. Items picked up by third party shippers are required to pay Connecticut sales tax. Items requiring third party shipping due to being oversized, fragile or bulky will be denoted in the item description.

Please see our full terms and conditions for names of suggested third party shippers.

After payment has been made in full, University Archives will ship your purchase within 10 business days following receipt of full payment for item.

Please remember that the buyer is responsible for all shipping costs from University Archives' offices in Wilton, CT to the buyer's door. Please see full Terms and Conditions of Sale.

December 14, 2022 11:00 AM EST
Wilton, CT, US

University Archives

You agree to pay a buyer's premium of up to 25% and any applicable taxes and shipping.

View full terms and conditions

Bid Increments
From: To: Increments:
$0 $99 $10
$100 $299 $20
$300 $499 $25
$500 $999 $50
$1,000 $1,999 $100
$2,000 $2,999 $200
$3,000 $4,999 $250
$5,000 $9,999 $500
$10,000 $19,999 $1,000
$20,000 $49,999 $2,500
$50,000 + $5,000