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Lot 149

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Andrew Jackson Orders Payment of Native American Ally Who Served as a Mounted Ranger in War Of 1812

In this order to the Assistant Deputy Quartermaster General for the Seventh Military District, headquartered at Nashville, Major General Andrew Jackson authorizes payment of a Native American Mounted Ranger named Stinclannishajah. The previous day, Jackson had concluded the Treaty of Fort Jackson with the Creek.

ANDREW JACKSON, Document Signed, Pay Order, August 10, 1814. 1 p., 8? x 8.25?. Two sheets attached by seals; several folds; repairs to some folds.

Complete Transcript:

The A. D. Q. M. General of the 7 Military District at Nashville Tennessee will adjust and pay the above amount
Fort Jackson August 10th 1814. Andrew Jackson / Major Genl Comdg.
(Signed Duplicates)

The United States
To Stinclannishajah Dr
For three Month pay of a Mounted
Ranger 90 days @ 1 Dollar pr Day $90..00
Deduct for 90 Rations Recd in kind @ 14 cts 12..60

Historical Background:

On August 9, 1814, the day before he signed this document, Major General Andrew Jackson concluded the Treaty of Fort Jackson with the Creeks. Signed at Fort Jackson near Wetumpka, Alabama, the treaty came as a result of Jackson’s defeat of the Red Stick (Upper Creek) on March 27 at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

By the terms of the treaty, the Creek ceded 23 million acres of land, including much of the southern fifth of Georgia and nearly half of the state of Alabama, to the United States government. After this definitive victory over and treaty with the Creek, Jackson continued southwest to Louisiana, where five months later, he scored a decisive victory over British forces in the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815.

This payment for 90 days of service seems to have been made to a Cherokee, Choctaw, or Lower Creek allied with the American forces who served as a Mounted Ranger.

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


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