University Archives


U.S. Consul in Tripoli Records Meteorological Observations in 1844

U.S. Consul Daniel S. Macauley made meticulous observations of various aspects of the weather in Tripoli and reported the averages for each month of 1844 in this chart. It includes monthly averages of four daily readings of the barometer and thermometer, and four impressions of the clearness of the sky and the force of the wind. It also includes monthly totals of rainfall in “English inches,” which totaled 12.93 inches for the entire year.

[DANIEL S. MACAULEY], Manuscript Document, "Summary of Meteorological Observations made at the American Consulate in Tripoli (Barby) during the Year 1844," ca. 1845. 1 p., 15.75" x 10.25". Folds and minor staining; two small holes along one fold.

"Rain from April to September is very rare, in these two months, it seldom falls except in very light passing showers. During the winter months it falls in heavy passing showers or squalls. In a residence of 14 years I do not recollect a long continuous rain on a day of entire cloudiness. Winds from October to April prevail from S.W. to N.W. the gales generally commence from the former Point and subside as they veer to the N. seldom continuing."

Daniel Smith Macauley / McCauley (1798-1852) was born in Philadelphia and served as a midshipman in the U.S. Navy, beginning in February 1814. He remained in the navy after the end of the War of 1812, rising to the rank of lieutenant. He married Sarah Yorke in 1824, and they had three children before her death in 1830, including future Rear Admiral Edward Yorke Macauley of the U.S. Navy. Daniel Macauley married Frances Ann Jones of North Carolina on October 24, 1831, in Philadelphia. A week later, they sailed for Tripoli, to which Macauley had been appointed as the U.S. Consul. He served in that position until 1848, when President James K. Polk appointed Macauley as Consul-General to Egypt at Alexandria. Macauley transferred to Alexandria in February 1849 and died there in October 1852.

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


Accepts online payments

Accepted Forms of Payment

American Express, Discover, MasterCard, Money Order / Cashiers Check, Paypal, Personal Check, Visa, Wire Transfer


We do our own in-house worldwide shipping!

Applicable shipping and handling charges will be added to the invoice. We offer several shipping options, and remain one of the few auction houses who proudly provides professional in-house shipping as an option to our clients. All items will ship with signature required, and full insurance. Most items are sent via Federal Express, with P. O. Box addresses being sent through USPS. We insure through Berkley Asset Protection with rates of $.70 per $100 of value, among the lowest insurance rates in the industry. Our shipping department cameras document every package, both outgoing and incoming, for maximum security. In addition, we compare our shipping and handling rates against those of other auction houses, to ensure that our charges are among the lowest in the trade.

Upon winning your item(s), you will receive an invoice with our in-house shipping and handling fees included. ***We will ship to the address as it appears on your invoice, unless you inform us otherwise, immediately upon your receipt of invoice***

International shipments: In order to comply with our insurance provider, all international shipments will be sent via Fed Ex and customs paperwork will show a value of $1.00. International buyers should contact our office directly with any questions regarding this policy.

Third Party Shipping Option: If a third party shipper is preferred, the buyer is responsible for contacting them directly to make shipping arrangements. For your convenience, we have provided some recommended shippers. For your protection, we will require a signed release from you, confirming your authorization for us to release your lots to your specified third party Please copy and paste this following link into your browser: http://universityarchives.com/UserFiles/ShippingInfo.pdf. At that point, our responsibility and insurance coverage for your item(s) ceases. Items picked up by third party shippers are required to pay Connecticut sales tax. Items requiring third party shipping due to being oversized, fragile or bulky will be denoted in the item description.

Please see our full terms and conditions for names of suggested third party shippers.

After payment has been made in full, University Archives will ship your purchase within 5 business days following receipt of full payment for item.

Please remember that the buyer is responsible for all shipping costs from University Archives' offices in Wilton, CT to the buyer's door. Please see full Terms and Conditions of Sale.

April 14, 2021 10:30 AM EDT

Wilton, CT, US

You agree to pay a buyer's premium of up to 25.0% and any applicable taxes and shipping.

View full terms and conditions

Bid Increments
From: To: Increments:
$0 $99 $10
$100 $299 $20
$300 $499 $25
$500 $999 $50
$1,000 $1,999 $100
$2,000 $2,999 $200
$3,000 $4,999 $250
$5,000 $9,999 $500
$10,000 $19,999 $1,000
$20,000 $49,999 $2,500
$50,000 + $5,000