U.S. Consul in Tripoli Records Meteorological Observations in 1844
U.S. Consul Daniel S. Macauley made meticulous observations of various aspects of the weather in Tripoli and reported the averages for each month of 1844 in this chart. It includes monthly averages of four daily readings of the barometer and thermometer, and four impressions of the clearness of the sky and the force of the wind. It also includes monthly totals of rainfall in “English inches,” which totaled 12.93 inches for the entire year.
[DANIEL S. MACAULEY], Manuscript Document, "Summary of Meteorological Observations made at the American Consulate in Tripoli (Barby) during the Year 1844," ca. 1845. 1 p., 15.75" x 10.25". Folds and minor staining; two small holes along one fold.
"Rain from April to September is very rare, in these two months, it seldom falls except in very light passing showers. During the winter months it falls in heavy passing showers or squalls. In a residence of 14 years I do not recollect a long continuous rain on a day of entire cloudiness. Winds from October to April prevail from S.W. to N.W. the gales generally commence from the former Point and subside as they veer to the N. seldom continuing."
Daniel Smith Macauley / McCauley (1798-1852) was born in Philadelphia and served as a midshipman in the U.S. Navy, beginning in February 1814. He remained in the navy after the end of the War of 1812, rising to the rank of lieutenant. He married Sarah Yorke in 1824, and they had three children before her death in 1830, including future Rear Admiral Edward Yorke Macauley of the U.S. Navy. Daniel Macauley married Frances Ann Jones of North Carolina on October 24, 1831, in Philadelphia. A week later, they sailed for Tripoli, to which Macauley had been appointed as the U.S. Consul. He served in that position until 1848, when President James K. Polk appointed Macauley as Consul-General to Egypt at Alexandria. Macauley transferred to Alexandria in February 1849 and died there in October 1852.
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