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Parole of Confederate Soldier of Army of Northern Virginia on Detached Duty in North Carolina

The city of Raleigh, capital of North Carolina, surrendered to General William T. Sherman on April 13, 1865, just four days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. The 2nd Louisiana Infantry regiment surrendered with the rest of the Army of Northern Virginia on April 9, with only 3 officers and 41 men.

Sherman continued his pursuit of the Confederate Army of Tennessee commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston. On April 26, Sherman received Johnston’s unconditional surrender at Durham Station, twenty-five miles northwest of Raleigh. Over the next several weeks, smaller groups of Confederate soldiers surrendered to Union authorities, including those in the North Carolina capital. Ordinance sergeant William Clegg of the 2nd Louisiana, on detached duty from the Army of Northern Virginia, likely came from another area of North Carolina to surrender at Raleigh on May 12 and receive this parole on May 13. Lt. William K. Norton (1841-1892) of the 4th New Hampshire Infantry and Assistant Provost Marshal in Raleigh signed the parole.

The endorsement on the verso, made by Captain Charles Scott Jr. of the 8th Iowa Infantry and Provost Marshal in Montgomery, Alabama, endorsed the parole ten weeks later, likely on Clegg’s return to Louisiana.

[CIVIL WAR.] Partially Printed Document Signed, Parole Document for Sergeant William Clegg of Louisiana, May 13, 1865, Raleigh, North Carolina. 1 p., 8.375ʺ x 5.25ʺ. Expected folds; one asterisk-shaped and two diamond-shaped holes, perhaps from contemporary train conductor punches for transportation; loss of paper repaired at lower right, not affecting text; very good.

Complete Transcript
OFFICE PROVOST MARSHAL,
Raleigh, N. C. May 13, 1865.
This is to certify that W. Clegg, of County, and State of La, a ord. Serg’t of the Army of Northern Virginia, has this day given his parole in accordance with the terms agreed upon by Lieutenant-General U.S. Grant, commanding U. S. Army, and General Robt. E. Lee, commanding C. S. Army.
W. K. Norton Lt. & / Asst Provost Marshal.
Natchoches La

[verso:]
Office Pro Mar Post Montgomy Ala July 24, 1865
Reported this day
Chas Scott Jr / Capt 8 Iowa & Pro Mar

William Clegg (1842-1916) was born in North Carolina. He moved with his family to Homer, Louisiana. Clegg enlisted as a private in the 2nd Louisiana Infantry in New Orleans. In 1863, he received a promotion to ordnance sergeant. After reenlisting for the duration of the war in 1864, Clegg was on detached duty in North Carolina. He was captured by the Union army on May 12, 1865, and paroled with this document the following day. After the war, he returned to Louisiana, where he lived in Franklin and Lafayette until his death fifty years later.

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.

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