New England and New York Sermons and Patriotic Orations from the Early National Period
This collection of pamphlets includes sermons and patriotic orations delivered on various occasions between 1801 and 1820, including Independence Day celebrations, days of thanksgiving, ordinations, and election days. Several were delivered before Washington Benevolent Societies, political clubs set up by the Federalist Party between 1808 and 1816.
COMMEMORATIONS, Archive of 25 Sermons and Orations, 1801-1820, most 1810-1815. Most have general toning; some have foxing, edge tears, and residue from previous binding.
• Theodore Dwight, An Oration, Delivered at New-Haven on the 7th of July, A. D. 1801, Before the Society of the Cincinnati, for the State of Connecticut, Assembled to Celebrate the Anniversary of American Independence. Hartford, CT: Hudson and Goodwin, 1801. 44 pp., 5ʺ x 8.25ʺ.
Theodore Dwight (1764-1846) was an American lawyer and newspaper editor and the grandson of Jonathan Edwards. He served in Congress briefly in 1806-1807 and was secretary of the Hartford Convention in 1814-1815.
• Philip Doddridge, Christ’s Invitation to Thirsty Souls: A Sermon. Providence, RI: Reprint by John Carter, 1804. 24 pp., 4.75ʺ x 7.75ʺ.
Philip Doddridge (1702-1751) was an English Nonconformist minister, educator, and hymnwriter.
• Samuel Worcester, The Importance of Divine Knowledge, A Sermon Preached at the Ordination of the Rev. David Jewett, to the Pastoral Care of the Fifth Church and Society in Gloucester, October 30, 1805. Salem, MA: Haven Pool, 1805. 40 pp., 5ʺ x 8.25ʺ.
• William Lyman, The Happy Nation. A Sermon, Preached at the Anniversary Election, in Hartford, May 8th, 1806. Hartford: Hudson & Goodwin, 1806. 42 pp., 5ʺ x 8.125ʺ.
• Amos Bassett, Advantages and Means of Union in Society. A Sermon, Preached at the Anniversary Election, in Hartford, May 14th, 1807. Hartford, CT: Hudson and Goodwin, 1807. 34 pp., 5ʺ x 8.125ʺ.
• Gulian C. Verplanck, An Oration Delivered July 4th, 1809, in the North Dutch Church, Before the Washington Benevolent Society of the City of New-York. New York: D. & G. Bruce, 1809. 20 pp., 5.5ʺ x 8.875ʺ.
Gulian C. Verplanck (1786-1870) was an attorney, politician, and writer. He served in the New York legislature (1820-1823) and in the U.S. Congress (1825-1833).
• John Hubbard Church, A Sermon, Delivered in the South Parish in Andover, April 5, 1810; Being the Annual Fast in Massachusetts. Sutton, MA: Sewall Goodridge, 1810. 24 pp., 4.75ʺ x 7.75ʺ.
• Peyton Randolph Freeman, An Oration Pronounced at Portsmouth, N.H. on the Fourth Day of July, 1810, Being the Thirty-Fourth Anniversary of American Independence. Portsmouth, NH: Oracle Press, 1810. 24 pp., 5.25ʺ x 8.375ʺ.
Peyton Randolph Freeman (1775-1868) graduated from Dartmouth College in 1796, and later served as clerk of the District of New Hampshire.
• Henry Wheaton, An Oration, Delivered before the Tammany Society, or Columbian Order, and the Republican Citizens of Providence and its Vicinity, at the Town-House, on the Anniversary of American Independence, July 4th, 1810. Providence, RI: Phenix Press, 1810. 20 pp., 5.375ʺ x 9ʺ. Damage to last four pages, with some loss of text.
Henry Wheaton (1785-1848) was an attorney and diplomat. He served as the third reporter for the United States Supreme Court (1816-1827), the first American minister to Denmark (1827-1835), and the second American minister to Prussia (1837-1846).
• Wilkes Allen, Divine Favors Gratefully Recollected in a Discourse Delivered at Chelmsford, (Massachusetts) Nov. 29, 1810, at the Annual Thanksgiving. Cambridge, MA: Hilliard and Metcalf, 1811. 28 pp., 5.125ʺ x 8.375ʺ.
• Jotham Fairfield, An Oration, Pronounced at the Meeting-House in the Vicinity of Dartmouth College, on the Fourth of July, 1811. Hanover, NH: Charles Spear, 1811. 16 pp., 5ʺ x 7.875ʺ.
• Festus Foster, The Watchman’s Warning to the House of Israel. A Sermon, Delivered before the Congregation in Petersham, November 21, 1811, Being the Day Appointed for Thanksgiving throughout the Commonwealth. Worcester, MA: Isaiah Thomas Jr., 1811. 24 pp., 5.75ʺ x 9.25ʺ.
• Eliphalet Gillet, A Discourse Delivered at Hallowell, on the Annual Thanksgiving in Massachusetts, Nov. 21, 1811. Hallowell, MA: N. Cheever, 1811. 20 pp., 5.25ʺ x 8.5ʺ.
• William Sullivan, An Oration Delivered before the Washington Benevolent Society of Massachusetts on the Thirtieth Day of April, 1812, Being the Anniversary of the First Inauguration of President Washington. Boston: John Eliot Jr., 1812. 24 pp., 5ʺ x 8.5ʺ.
• Gouverneur Morris, An Oration, Delivered July 5th, 1813, Before the Washington Benevolent Society, of the City of New York, in Commemoration of American Independence. New York: Washington Benevolent Society, 1813. 28 pp., 6ʺ x 9ʺ.
Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816) was born in New York City and enrolled in King’s College (Columbia University) at age 12. He graduated in 1768, received a Master’s degree in 1771, and was admitted to the bar in 1775. He represented New York in the Continental Congress and signed the Articles of Confederation. He moved to Philadelphia in 1779, and continued work as a lawyer and merchant. He represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787, where he contributed significantly to the new Constitution, including authoring the preamble. From 1792 to 1794, he was the U.S. Minister to France. He returned to the United States in 1798, and served in the U.S. Senate from 1800 to 1803 as a Federalist.
• John Snelling Popkin, A Sermon Preached in Newbury, First Parish, on the Day of Annual Thanksgiving in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, November 25, 1813. Newburyport, MA: William B. Allen & Co., 1814. 24 pp., 5.25ʺ x 8.375ʺ.
John Snelling Popkin (1771-1852) was a 1792 graduate of Harvard and served as a professor of Greek there from 1815 to 1833.
• Samuel H. Smith, Oration Pronounced by Samuel H. Smith, Esquire, in the City of Washington, on Monday, the Fifth of July, 1813, by Request of a General Meeting of the Citizens, and Published at the Desire of the Committee of Arrangement. Washington: Roger C. Weightman, 1813. 24 pp., 5.375ʺ x 8.5ʺ.
Samuel H. Smith (1772-1845) was a printer and newspaper publisher in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., where he founded the National Intelligencer.
• Josiah Dunham, An Oration Delivered at Hanover, in the Vicinity of Dartmouth College, before the Several Washington Benevolent Societies of Hanover, Lebanon, Lime, Norwich, and Hartford, on the Thirty Eighth Anniversary of American Independence; and in Commemoration of the Great Events in Europe, which have Terminated so Honorably to the Allied Arms, and so Triumphantly Glorious to the Cause of Humanity. Hanover, NH: Charles Spear, 1814. 28 pp, 5.75ʺ x 8.75ʺ. (2 copies)
Josiah Dunham (1769-1844) was an educator, newspaper publisher, Army officer, and politician in Vermont and Kentucky.
• Henry Wheaton, An Oration, Delivered before the Different Republican Societies, At the Theatre, Anthony St. New-York, on the Anniversary of American Independence, July 4, 1814. New York: A. T. Goodrich, 1814. 24 pp., 5.875ʺ x 9.25ʺ.
• John Lathrop, A Discourse, Delivered in Boston, April 13, 1815, the Day of Thanksgiving Appointed by the President of the United States. In Consequence of the Peace. Boston: J. W. Burditt, 1815. 28 pp., 5.25ʺ x 8.375ʺ.
John Lathrop (1740-1816) was a Congregationalist minister in Boston, where he served as pastor of Second Church from 1768 to 1816.
• Solomon Williams, Historical Sketch of Northampton, from Its First Settlement: In a Sermon Delivered on the National Thanksgiving, April 13, 1815. Northampton, MA: Hampshire Gazette Office, 1815. 24 pp., 6ʺ x 9ʺ.
• Daniel Merrill, Balaam Disappointed. A Thanksgiving Sermon, Delivered at Nottingham-West, April 12, 1815, A Day Recommended by the National Government, in which to Rehearse God’s Mighty Acts, and Praise His Name. Concord, MA: Isaac Hill, 1816. 36 pp., 5ʺ x 8ʺ; uncut at top.
• Philo Musico [pseudonym], arr., The Song-Singer’s Amusing Companion. Boston: Sterne and Mann, 1818. 28 pp., 4.75ʺ x 7.5ʺ.
• Edward Payson, God’s Praises Sung: His Works Forgotten. A Sermon, Preached on the Public Thanksgiving, November 30, 1820, in the Meeting-House of the Second Parish, at Portland. Portland, ME: Arthur Shirley, 1820. 20 pp. + covers, 6ʺ x 9.375ʺ.
Edward Payson (1783-1827) was an American Congregational minister who graduated from Harvard in 1803 and served as pastor of the Congregational Church in Portland, Maine, from 1811 to his death.
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