Lot 260

1690 Military Inspection Report Weeks Before Devastating Indian Attack at Fort Loyal

Previous image preload Next image preload

1690 Military Inspection Report Weeks Before Devastating Indian Attack at Fort Loyal

Estimate: $400 - $500

Starting Bid: $140

(0 Bids)

August 17, 2022 10:30 AM EDT
Live Auction
Wilton, CT, US


1690 Military Inspection Report Weeks Before Devastating Indian Attack at Fort Loyal

"Mayne", Massachusetts Colony, dated 1690 [ca. May 1690]. A military inspection document attributed to Edward Rawson, who served as the first Secretary of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Signed in absentia by John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin - not in their hand. With details outlining the proper conduct of the Government to keep the peace and how military matters are to be addressed. 1p, measuring 7.75" x 11.75". The document has flattened folds, with some separations and tears in places - some areas have been repaired on verso. Light toning and foxing throughout. Chipping at edges. Minor text loss at the top edge. Overall very good.

Highlights from the document include:
"That they exert theire [sic] power to upold and maintaine [sic] the Government in keeping the peace and administering the Laws that the end of Government may be attained…In Military Concerns that theire [sic] be due & are taken in watching & warding that you may not be surprised by the ennemy [sic] & suddenly deploy as other playses [sic] have been…That a suitable party or partyes [sic] be sent forth to disperse and [illegible] the ennemy at those usall fisshing places or else wheare as theire may be opportunity…"

In 1690, Governor Simon Bradstreet sent both Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne on a fact-finding mission to Maine and New Hampshire, to assess the strength of the garrisons against Native American attacks. Bradstreet had been receiving multiple complaints from citizens that the Council of Safety in Boston was not providing enough troops to prevent Indian attacks in these areas. Corwin and Hawthorne arrived in early May and, after inspecting the area, sent a report to the council advising that soldiers needed to be more vigilant against surprise attacks, send out frequent scouts, reduce the number of garrisons, and attack the Indians when the opportunity arose - such as at their known fishing places or elsewhere. Their report proved to be too little too late, however, as just a few weeks later, local Native Americans, with the help of French soldiers from Canada, staged a brutal attack on Fort Loyal. After two days of siege, the fort surrendered, with the settlement's buildings burned and its people either killed or taken prisoner. The fall of Fort Loyal led to the near depopulation of Europeans in Maine and sparked months of additional intense fighting in the region.

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


Accepted Forms of Payment:

American Express, Discover, MasterCard, Money Order / Cashiers Check, Paypal, Personal Check, Visa, Wire Transfer


Unless otherwise indicated, we do our own in-house worldwide shipping!

Applicable shipping and handling charges will be added to the invoice. We offer several shipping options, and remain one of the few auction houses who proudly provides professional in-house shipping as an option to our clients. All items will ship with signature required, and full insurance. Most items are sent via Federal Express, with P. O. Box addresses being sent through USPS. We insure through Berkley Asset Protection with rates of $.70 per $100 of value, among the lowest insurance rates in the industry. Our shipping department cameras document every package, both outgoing and incoming, for maximum security. In addition, we compare our shipping and handling rates against those of other auction houses, to ensure that our charges are among the lowest in the trade.

Upon winning your item(s), you will receive an invoice with our in-house shipping and handling fees included. ***We will ship to the address as it appears on your invoice. If any changes to the shipping address need to be made, you must inform us immediately.***

International shipments: In order to comply with our insurance provider, all international shipments will be sent via Fed Ex and customs paperwork will show a value of $1.00. International buyers should contact our office directly with any questions regarding this policy.

Third Party Shipping Option: If a third party shipper is preferred, the buyer is responsible for contacting them directly to make shipping arrangements. For your convenience, we have provided some recommended shippers. For your protection, we will require a signed release from you, confirming your authorization for us to release your lots to your specified third party Please copy and paste this following link into your browser: http://universityarchives.com/UserFiles/ShippingInfo.pdf. At that point, our responsibility and insurance coverage for your item(s) ceases. Items picked up by third party shippers are required to pay Connecticut sales tax. Items requiring third party shipping due to being oversized, fragile or bulky will be denoted in the item description.

Please see our full terms and conditions for names of suggested third party shippers.

After payment has been made in full, University Archives will ship your purchase within 10 business days following receipt of full payment for item.

Please remember that the buyer is responsible for all shipping costs from University Archives' offices in Wilton, CT to the buyer's door. Please see full Terms and Conditions of Sale.

University Archives

You agree to pay a buyer's premium of up to 25% and any applicable taxes and shipping.

View full terms and conditions

Bid Increments
From: To: Increments:
$0 $99 $10
$100 $299 $20
$300 $499 $25
$500 $999 $50
$1,000 $1,999 $100
$2,000 $2,999 $200
$3,000 $4,999 $250
$5,000 $9,999 $500
$10,000 $19,999 $1,000
$20,000 $49,999 $2,500
$50,000 + $5,000